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EVACUATION FRAMEWORK

The “Planning Framework For The Evacuation of the Transportation Needs Populations in Central Ohio” addresses a seven county subset of the MORPC region, including Franklin, Delaware, Licking, Fairfield, Pickaway, Madison, and Union Counties. The plan lays the groundwork for more robust strategies in the identified MORPC jurisdictions to ensure that future evacuations will efficiently and effectively accommodate the vulnerable Transportation Needs Populations, including people who lack access to private automobile transportation. It emphasizes integration and compliance with the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the Incident Command System (ICS) within the over-arching common operating picture. This user-friendly document is designed to provide helpful information prior to and during an incident requiring evacuation. As such, narratives and graphics depicting transfer/pick-up and drop-off points, shelter locations, and other reference information are complemented by a matrix that utilizes emergency support functions (ESF) to allow for a clear understanding of roles and responsibilities during an evacuation. Contact rosters and a Response Checklist identify appropriate responding agencies designated to perform specific tasks.

A coordinated effort between MORPC government agencies and non-profit organizations will create an environment of information sharing that will allow planners to accurately account for carless populations. Additionally, demographic characteristics and census data can support the identification process to overcome language barriers, particularly for the Somali and Hispanic/Latino communities.

The Evacuation Framework received the American Planning Association’s Federal Division's 2010 Outstanding Collaborative Planning Project award. The groundwork document, providing the foundation for a long-term, multi-phase collaborative strategic planning process, exemplified a high level of effective intermural cooperation between a regional planning commission, a federal agency, and various local leaders and stakeholders in an effort to achieve integrated emergency response and disaster preparedness. With its particular focus on transportation issues relative to evacuation and access to relief and recovery services, the plan’s framework organization is exceptionally detailed and well-structured, and its visual elements and graphics are very effective compliments to the text and quantitative data. It can and will serve as an exemplary approach to regional planning in the face of vulnerability challenges.

Project Background
MORPC was awarded one of the two “Transportation Equity Research Program” grants awarded by the Federal Transit Administration in FY2008 out of a total of 31 applications. The grant facilitated the development of an evacuation planning framework that expressly addresses transportation needs populations in the seven-county area of Central Ohio. This Framework lays the groundwork for more robust strategies in the region to ensure that future evacuations will efficiently and effectively accommodate the vulnerable Transportation Needs Populations. Beyond Central Ohio, this Framework will serve as a nationwide model for regional cooperation in emergency preparedness for Transportation Needs Populations. It will be used as a guide by other regions throughout the United States in developing their own plans that are tailored to their regions.

Project Purpose
Communication and cooperation are critical to any evacuation planning and emergency preparedness activity, particularly as it concerns populations with specific mobility needs. The Central Ohio region includes over 200 local government agencies and almost 600 different taxing districts within the seven-county study area. Many, if not all, of these organizations and agencies have emergency operation plans in varying levels of detail. Additionally, there are other public and private sector organizations that have to take into account emergency preparedness and disaster response. Proper coordination is critical to ensure their respective plans take into account other plans that are already in place and that all plans, whether individually or in combination, address the Transportation Needs Populations. Lack of communication, resources, or proper planning in the event of a disaster will affect these populations first, and most directly.

The Central Ohio Planning Framework will allow the various emergency preparedness plans in the region to be coordinated and consistent with a regional strategy that focuses on the Transportation Needs Populations. The Framework is not intended to replace existing private sector, governmental, or other local emergency preparedness plans. Rather, it is intended to enhance existing agency plans by identifying potential conflicts and providing improvement and coordination recommendations to specific agencies, thus greatly minimizing the potential dangers of miscommunication or inconsistencies between plans. The goal is to create a seamless Framework for the region that builds upon and supplements jurisdictional plans that are already in place.

Planning Framework For The Evacuation of the Transportation Needs Populations in Central Ohio (8 MB)

Framework Sections
Executive Summary
Section 1: Introduction
Section 2: General Guidance
Section 3: Over-Arching Common Operating Picture
Section 4: Operational Information (FOUO)
Section 5: Glossary of Terms and Acronyms
Section 6: References
Section 7: Appendices